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Know more about United Arab Emirates
Location Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam.
Geographic coordinates 35 00 N, 105 00 E.
Map references Asia.
Area Total: 9,596,960 sq km
Water: 270,550 sq km
Land: 9,326,410 sq km.
Land Boundaries Total: 22,147.34 km.
Border Countries Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2,185 km, Hong Kong 30 km, India 3,380 km, Kazakhstan 1,533 km, North Korea 1,416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km, Macau 0.34 km, Mongolia 4,677 km, Nepal 1,236 km, Pakistan 523 km, Russia (northeast) 3,605 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km, Vietnam 1,281 km.
Coastline 14,500 km.
Climate Extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north.
Geography Note World's fourth-largest country (after Russia, Canada, and US); Mount Everest on the border with Nepal, is the world's tallest peak.
Population 1,284,303,705.
Age Structure 0-14 years: 24.3% (male 163,821,081; female 148,855,387)
15-64 years: 68.4% (male 452,354,428; female 426,055,713)
65 years and over: 7.3% (male 43,834,528; female 49,382,568) (2002 est.).
Population growth rate 0.87% (2002 est.).
Ethnic groups Han Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%.
Religions Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Muslim 1%-2%, Christian 3%-4%
Note: officially atheist (2002 est.)
Languages Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages.
Literacy Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total Population: 81.5%
Male: 89.9%
Female: 72.7% (1995 est.)
Country Name Conventional Long Form : People's Republic of China
Conventional Short Form : China
Local Short Form : Zhong Guo
Abbreviation : PRC
Local Long Form : Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo
Government type Communist state.
Capital Beijing.
Independence 221 BC (unification under the Qin or Ch'in Dynasty 221 BC; Qing or Ch'ing Dynasty replaced by the Republic on 12 February 1912; People's Republic established 1 October 1949).
National holiday Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China, 1 October (1949).
Constitution Most recent promulgation 4 December 1982.
Legal System A complex amalgam of custom and statute, largely criminal law; rudimentary civil code in effect since 1 January 1987; new legal codes in effect since 1 January 1980; continuing efforts are being made to improve civil, administrative, criminal, and commercial law.
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal.
GDP Purchasing Power Parity - $5.56 trillion (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 7.3% (official estimate) (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita Purchasing Power Parity - $4,300 (2001 est.).
GDP - composition by sector Agriculture: 17.7%
Industry: 49.3%
Services: 33% (2001 est.).
Population below poverty line 10% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share Lowest 10%: 2.4%
Highest 10%: 30.4% (2000)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0.8% (2001 est.).
Labor force 706 million (2000 est.)
Labor force - by occupation Agriculture 50%, Industry 23%, Services 27% (2001 est.)
Budget Revenues: $161.8 billion
Expenditures: $191.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000).
Industries Iron and steel, coal, machine building, armaments, textiles and apparel, petroleum, cement, chemical fertilizers, footwear, toys, food processing, automobiles, consumer electronics, telecommunications.
Agriculture - products Rice, wheat, potatoes, sorghum, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, cotton, oilseed; pork; fish.
Exports $262.1 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Exports - commodities Machinery and equipment; textiles and clothing, footwear, toys and sporting goods; mineral fuels.
Exports - partners US 21%, Hong Kong 18%, Japan 17%, South Korea, Germany, Netherlands, UK, Singapore, Taiwan (2000).
Imports $236.2 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Imports - commodities Machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, plastics, iron and steel, chemicals.
Imports - partners Japan 18%, Taiwan 11%, South Korea 10%, US 10% Germany, Hong Kong, Russia, Malaysia (2000).
Currency Yuan (CNY).
Currency code CNY.
Fiscal year Calendar Year.
Source : www.cia.gov
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